Validation of a Portable Wireless Force Platform System To Measure Ground Reaction Forces During Various Tasks.
Mylonas V, Chalitsios C, Nikodelis T.
Background: Force platforms are widely used in biomechanics to measure ground reaction forces (GRF) during various human movements. However, traditional force plates are not easily used outside a research lab. To overcome this issue, researchers and manufacturers are developing low-cost portable force platforms that can be used in a variety of settings, including outdoors.
Purpose: To validate the kinetic data obtained from a pair of portable K-Deltas force platforms compared to gold standard platforms fixed in the lab and to examine the measurement reliability between this pair of portable force platforms.
Methods: Force-time curves from known masses, countermovement vertical jumps, and balance tests were used to assess validity of K-Deltas using a pair of Bertec force plates as a gold standard and between the K-Deltas pair of plates. Bland-Altman plots were used to evaluate the differences between K-Deltas and Bertec force plates. For the assessment of countermovement vertical jumps, impulse, peak rate of force development and peak force were calculated for both instruments and checked for agreement between instruments. Three young adults (2 male, 1 female, 25.4±0.83 years) participated in the study.
Results: The percentage of Bland-Altman plot point within the limits of agreement was 94.59 % for the comparison between K-Deltas and Bertec and 94.83% between the pair of K-Deltas.
Conclusion: The results show that the portable force platforms could be utilized successfully for assessing pertinent parameters in clinical and sports biomechanics. The findings suggest that portable force platforms can be used as an alternative to traditional laboratory equipment for field assessment, providing significant improvements compared to the past.
Level of Evidence: Level 3