Allegations of Misconduct – Ethical Responsibilities of Authors
The International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy follows the ICMJE’s Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals. It is expected of authors, reviewers and editors that they follow the best-practice guidelines on ethical behavior contained therein.
Ethical Responsibilities of Authors
This journal is committed to upholding the integrity of the scientific record. As such, the International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy will follow the COPE guidelines on how to deal with potential acts of misconduct.
Authors should refrain from misrepresenting their research results which could damage the trust in the journal, the professionalism of scientific authorship, and ultimately the entire scientific process. Maintaining the integrity of the research and its presentation is helped by following the rules of good scientific practice, which include
- The manuscript should not be submitted to more than one journal for simultaneous consideration.
- The submitted work should be original and should not have been published elsewhere in any form or language (partially or in full), unless the new work concerns an expansion of previous work. (Please provide transparency on the re-use of material to avoid the concerns about text-recycling (‘self-plagiarism’).
- A single study should not be split up into several parts to increase the quantity of submissions and submitted to various journals or to one journal over time.
- Concurrent or secondary publication is sometimes justifiable, provided certain conditions are met. Examples include: translations or a manuscript that is intended for a different group of readers.
- Results should be presented clearly, honestly, and without fabrication, falsification or inappropriate data manipulation (including image based manipulation). Authors should adhere to discipline-specific rules for acquiring, selecting and processing data.
- No data, text, or theories by others are presented as if they were the author’s own (‘plagiarism’). Proper acknowledgements to other works must be given (this includes material that is closely copied (near verbatim), summarized and/or paraphrased), quotation marks (to indicate words taken from another source) are used for verbatim copying of material, and permissions secured for material that is copyrighted.
- Research articles and non-research articles (e.g. Opinion, Review, and Commentary articles) must cite appropriate and relevant literature in support of the claims made. Excessive and inappropriate self-citation or coordinated efforts among several authors to collectively self-cite is strongly discouraged.
- Authors should avoid untrue statements about an entity (who can be an individual person or a company) or descriptions of their behavior or actions that could potentially be seen as personal attacks or allegations about that person.
- Authors are strongly advised to ensure the author group, the Corresponding Author, and the order of authors are all correct at submission. Adding and/or deleting authors during the revision stages is generally not permitted, but in some cases may be warranted. Reasons for changes in authorship should be explained in detail. Please note that changes to authorship cannot be made after acceptance of a manuscript.
Upon request authors should be prepared to send relevant documentation or data in order to verify the validity of the results presented. This could be in the form of raw data, samples, records, etc. Sensitive information in the form of confidential or proprietary data is excluded.
Handling of unethical publishing behavior
The International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy and NASMI Publishing adhere to the Committee for Publication Ethics (COPE) Guidelines regarding misconduct and retractions. We take ethical allegations very seriously and believe it is our responsibility to maintain the integrity of the scientific record as far as possible.
Our relationship with our authors is based on trust and we publish submitted material in good faith. In cases of alleged or proven scientific misconduct, fraudulent publication or plagiarism, the publisher, in close collaboration with the editors, will take all appropriate measures to clarify the situation and to amend the article in question. If a possible breach of ethics is brought to our attention, we will refer the case to our Board of Directors for investigation. The panel includes representation from our legal department, as well as senior management and editorial staff. Initially, the Journal and/or Publisher will carry out an investigation following COPE guidelines. If, after investigation, there are valid concerns, the author(s) concerned will be contacted under their given e-mail address and given an opportunity to address the issue. The BoD may seek advice from the journal’s Editorial Board, and may need to escalate an investigation to author’s institution(s) for further information.
The BoD will decide the most appropriate course of action to take according to industry guidelines. The publisher, together with the editors, shall take reasonable steps to identify and prevent the publication of papers where research misconduct has occurred, and under no circumstances encourage such misconduct or knowingly allow such misconduct to take place.
Depending on the situation and results of the investigation, this may result in the Journal’s and/or Publisher’s implementation of the following measures, including, but not limited to:
- If the manuscript is still under consideration, it may be rejected and returned to the author.
- If the article has already been published online, depending on the nature and severity of the infraction:
- an erratum/correction may be placed with the article
- an expression of concern may be placed with the article
- or in severe cases retraction of the article may occur.
The reason will be given in the published erratum/correction, expression of concern or retraction note. Please note that retraction means that the article is maintained on the platform, watermarked “retracted” and the explanation for the retraction is provided in a note linked to the watermarked article.
- The author’s institution may be informed
- A notice of suspected transgression of ethical standards in the peer review system may be included as part of the author’s and article’s bibliographic record.
- Misconduct investigations are sensitive and can take time
- IJSPT and NASMI publishing has the right to contact an individual’s institution regarding allegations of misconduct, according to the COPE Guidelines
- IJSPT and NASMI publishing has the right to request proof of identity in cases where identity theft is alleged or suspected
- IJSPT and NASMI publishing reserves the right not to work with anyone who is abusive to our staff, authors, reviewers or editors
To report any concerns relating to potential misconduct, please contact the IJSPT editorial office. You can find contact information for IJSPT here> https://ijspt.org/contact-2/
IJSPT will follow the COPE guidelines on responding to whistleblowers, which includes protecting your anonymity.